The Effects of Peer Feedback on EFL Students’ Writing Performance


  • Huynh Nguyen Trang School of Foreign Languages, UEH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam


How to Cite

Trang, H. N. (2022). The Effects of Peer Feedback on EFL Students’ Writing Performance. Vietnam Journal of Education, 6(2), 123–136.


Nowadays, the common problem confronting English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher in public schools is over-sized classes. This study investigates the utilization of peer feedback which is believed to reduce the teacher’s workload and increase students’ capability in learning a foreign language. The study recruited 84 EFL students who learn General Business English to be the participants, of whom 42 were in the control group and the rest in the experimental group. They were asked to write a business email after a period of instructions. The participants benefiting from peer feedback outperformed those who received conventional method although both groups had an overall higher mean score in the post-test. Most of the responses to the questions in the questionnaire reached high scales of the five-point Likert scale which showed that the experimental students appreciated peer feedback provided. Some recommendations and limitations are included in the paper for future exploration.


Download data is not yet available.


Allen, D., & Mills, A. (2016). The impact of second language proficiency in dyadic peer feedback. Language Teaching Research, 20(4), 498-513.

Alodwan, T. A. A., & Ibnian, S. S. K. (2014). The effect of using the process approach to writing on developing university students’ essay writing skills in EFL. International Journal of Linguistics and Communication, 2(2), 147-163.

Biesenbach-Lucas, S. (2007). Students writing emails to faculty: an examination of e-politeness among native and non-native speakers of English. Language, Learning & Technology, 11(2), 59-81.

Cahyono, B., & Rosyida, A. (2016). Peer feedback, self-correction, and writing proficiency of Indonesian EFL students. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 7(1), 178-193.

Chaudron, C. (1984). The effects of feedback on students’ composition revisions. RELC Journal, 15(2), 1-14.

Cotton, D., Falvey, D., & Kent, S. (2012). Market leader - Pre-intermediate business English course book (3rd ed.). Pearson.

Elfiyanto, S., & Fukazawa, S. (2021). Three written corrective feedback sources in improving Indonesian and Japanese students’ writing achievement. International Journal of Instruction, 14(3), 433-450.

Fritz, E., Dormer, R., Sumi, S., & Kudo, T. (2022). The acquisition of formulaic sequences in EFL email writing. English for Specific Purposes, 65, 15-29.

Herck, R. V., Decock, S., & Fastrich, B. (2022). A unique blend of interpersonal and transactional strategies in English email responses to customer complaints in a B2C setting: A move analysis. English for Specific Purposes, 65, 30-48.

Hewitt, P. (2006). Electronic mail and internal communication: A three-factor model. Corporate Communications, 11, 78-92.

Huisman, B., Saab, N., Driel, J. V., & Broek, P. V. D. (2018). Peer feedback on academic writing: Undergraduate students’ peer feedback role, peer feedback perceptions and essay performance. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 43(6), 955-968.

IELTS Tutor (2021). Văn phong formal and informal trong tiếng Anh. Retrieved March 10, 2022 from

Janani (2021). Business email. Retrieved March 10, 2022 from

Kellogg, R. T. (2008). Training writing skills: A cognitive developmental perspective. Journal of Writing Research, 1(1), 1-26.

Kellogg, R. T., & Raulerson III, B. A. (2007). Improving the writing skills of college students. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14(2), 237-242.

Khalil, E. (2018). The efficacy of peer feedback in Turkish EFL students’ writing performance. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 8(6), 920-931.

Kroll, B. (2001). Considerations for teaching an ESL/EFL writing course. In M. Celce-Murcia (Eds.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed., pp. 219-232). Heinle & Heinle.

Kurihara, N. (2016). Do peer reviews help improve student writing abilities in an EFL high school classroom?. TESOL Journal, 8(2), 450-470.

Lan, Y., Wang, J., Hsu, S., & Chan, T. (2011). Peer feedback in online writing system. In: Chang, M., Hwang, W. Y., Chen, M. P., Müller, W. (eds), Edutainment Technologies. Educational Games and Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality Applications. Edutainment 2011. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6872. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Liu, N. F., & Carless, D. (2006). Peer feedback: The learning element of peer assessment. Teaching in Higher Education, 11, (3), 279-290.

Ma’azi, H., & Janfeshan, K. (2018). The effect of Edmodo social learning network on Iranian EFL learners' writing skill. Cogent Education, 5(1), 1-17.

Mokhamar, N. W. (2016). The impact of integrating reading and writing skills on Palestine technical college students’ paragraph writing and attitudes. M.A. thesis submitted to the Faculty of Education at Islamic University-Gaza.

Monalisa, M. & Ardi, H. (2013). Using “Edmodo” educational social network in teaching English for high school students. Journal of English Language Teaching, 2(1), 221-225.

Nelson, M. (2004). The nature of feedback: How different types of peer feedback affect writing performance (B.A. Thesis), 1-48. University of South Florida.

Nguyen, H. H. T. (2009). Teaching EFL writing in Vietnam: Problems and solutions - a discussion from the outlook of applied linguistics. VNU Journal of Science, Foreign Languages, 25, 61-66.

Nguyen, T. H. (2016). Peer feedback practice in EFL tertiary writing classes. English Language Teaching, 9(6), 76-91.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (2007). Introduction to academic writing (3rd ed.). New York: USA. Pearson Education.

Park, S., Jeon, J., & Shim, E. (2021). Exploring request emails in English for business purposes: A move analysis. English for Specific Purposes, 63, 137-150.

Parthasarathy, R. (2014). Peer feedback in the ESL writing classroom. A Journal of Teaching English Language and Literature, 1-6.

Pham, V. P. H., Huyen, L. H., & Nguyen, M. T. (2020). The incorporation of qualified peer feedback into writing revision. The Asian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 45-59.

Pham, V. P. H., Luong, T. K., Tran, T. T. O., & Nguyen, Q. N. (2022). Should peer E-comments replace traditional peer comments?. International Journal of Education and Technology, 2(1), 295-314.

Rass, R. (2015). Challenges face Arab students in writing well-developed paragraphs in English. English Language Teaching, 8(10), 49-59.

Rollinson, P. (2005). Using peer feedback in the ESL writing class. ELT Journal, 59(1), 23-30.

Saeli, H., & Cheng, A. (2021). Peer feedback, learners’ engagement, and L2 writing development: The case of a test-preparation class. Teaching English as a Second Language Electronic Journal, 25(2).

Safdari, M. (2021). Contributions of Edmodo social learning network to Iranian EFL learners’ writing accuracy. Computer Assisted Language Learning Electronic Journal, 22(1), 355-373.

Sirikarn, K. (2019). Promoting peer feedback in developing students’ English writing ability in L2 writing class. International Education Studies, 12(9), 76-90.

Sirikarn, K. (2019). Students’ attitudes toward peer feedback: Paving a way for students’ English writing improvement. English Language Teaching, 12(7), 107-119.

Uymaz, E. (2019). The effects of peer feedback on the essay writing performances of EFL students. International Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, 11(2) 20-37.

Weiqiang, W. (2014). Students’ perceptions of rubric-referenced peer feedback on EFL writing: A longitudinal inquiry. Assessing Writing, 19, 80-96.

Westwood, P. (2008). What teachers need to know about: Teaching methods. ACER Press.

Yu, S., & Hu, G. (2017). Can higher-proficiency L2 learners benefit from working with lower-proficiency partners in peer feedback?. Teaching in Higher Education, 22(2), 178-192.

Yu, S., & Lee, I. (2016a). Peer feedback in second language writing (2005-2014). Lang. Teach, 49(4), 461-493.

Yu, S., & Lee, I. (2016b). Understanding the role of learners with low English language proficiency in peer feedback of second language writing. TESOL Quarterly, 50(2), 483-494.




How to Cite

Trang, H. N. (2022). The Effects of Peer Feedback on EFL Students’ Writing Performance. Vietnam Journal of Education, 6(2), 123–136.



Original Articles