Educational Leadership in the U.S. and Vietnam: A Cross-Culture Comparative Study


  • Bich Thi Ngoc Tran University of Arkansas


How to Cite

Tran, B. T. N. (2021). Educational Leadership in the U.S. and Vietnam: A Cross-Culture Comparative Study. Vietnam Journal of Education, 5(3), 1–12.


Under globalisation, comparative educational studies have become more relevant. This paper is the first of its kind to compare education and training for principals in Vietnam and the U.S. and will offer among the few systematic studies on school leadership in Vietnam. Utilizing previous research on educational leadership and culture in the U.S. and Vietnam, and survey results from Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2018, I used t-test analyses to test several hypotheses about the differences between principals in the two countries. The findings suggest differences in age, gender, managerial experience, teaching obligation, and obtained levels of education and training between American principals and Vietnamese principals. Principals in the U.S. are younger and less experienced than principals in Vietnam. Level of education and need for professional development programs potentially indicate that American principals receive more thorough training in their education compared to Vietnamese principals. Accordingly, this comparative study provides valuable insights for both countries and contributes to diversifying the literature on educational leadership which the West has long dominated.


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How to Cite

Tran, B. T. N. (2021). Educational Leadership in the U.S. and Vietnam: A Cross-Culture Comparative Study. Vietnam Journal of Education, 5(3), 1–12.



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