Implementing Outcome-Based Education in Higher Education Programs: A Multiple Case Study in Vietnam and Laos


  • Cuong Huu Nguyen Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Huong Hien Thi Nong Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Vietnam
  • Neevanh Saynavong National University of Laos, Laos PDR
  • Son Tuan Nguyen VNU University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam


How to Cite

Nguyen, C. H., Nong, H. H. T., Saynavong, N., & Nguyen, S. T. (2024). Implementing Outcome-Based Education in Higher Education Programs: A Multiple Case Study in Vietnam and Laos. Vietnam Journal of Education, 8(2), 112–120.


Outcome-based education (OBE) has been an effective framework for teaching, learning and assessment of many higher education institutions worldwide for the past few decades. This study aims to investigate the OBE implementation in four universities across Vietnam and Laos. A multiple case study with personal reflection and document analysis was employed to identify the achievements and obstacles. The research results show that the OBE implementation changed lesson plans and classroom activities, and enhanced student engagement within the teaching and learning processes. However, teachers and students encountered challenges when they implemented OBE in their lessons. The paper concludes that despite the difficulties in implementation, the student-centered approach of OBE exerted a positive influence on student learning in the investigated institutions.


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How to Cite

Nguyen, C. H., Nong, H. H. T., Saynavong, N., & Nguyen, S. T. (2024). Implementing Outcome-Based Education in Higher Education Programs: A Multiple Case Study in Vietnam and Laos. Vietnam Journal of Education, 8(2), 112–120.



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