Alignment of total quality management in the higher education context


  • Everard van Kemenade Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, the Netherlands
  • Alaa Eldin El-Asawi Center for Quality & Hospital Qualification for Accreditation (ArCQQA), Egypt
  • Cuong Huu Nguyen Ton Duc Thang University, Vietnam


How to Cite

Kemenade, E., El-Asawi, A. E., & Nguyen, C. H. (2020). Alignment of total quality management in the higher education context. Vietnam Journal of Education, 4(1), 1–8.


This paper aims to adjust the concept of Total Quality Management (TQM) and make it fit for use in higher education institutes. The article describes the results of a design science research. Based on experiences in Egypt and the Netherlands, the characteristics of higher education are defined as well as the specifics of educational processes. These lead to a translation of TQM in educational terms. The experiences result in a model that can be used as framework to implement TQM in higher education institutes. The experiences that form the base for the design are limited to two countries with two different cultures. There is no evidence concerning the use of the model in any other country in the world. It is known that there have been many initiatives to implement TQM in higher education. The combination with quality management in teaching and learning models (Transformative Mode, An Engagement Model of Program Quality, University of Learning Model, A Model for a Responsive University) is scarce as well as application in two such different countries.


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How to Cite

Kemenade, E., El-Asawi, A. E., & Nguyen, C. H. (2020). Alignment of total quality management in the higher education context. Vietnam Journal of Education, 4(1), 1–8.



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